ICSE Class 10 X ISC Class XII 12 Exam Syllabus 2013, Pattern Result

ICSE Class 10 X ISC Class XII 12 Exam Syllabus 2013, Pattern Result of Supplementary, Annual Exams 2013-2014

Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) is a private, non-governmental board of school education in India. It conducts two examinations in India: the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) and the Indian School Certificate(ISC). The CISCE was set up in 1956 at the meeting of the Inter-State Board for Anglo-Indian Education.

CISCE has been announced the notifications about Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) 1oth & Indian School Certificate (ISC) 12th Date Sheet 2013, ICSE Board Class XII, X Exam Time Table 2013, ICSE 12th & 10th Class Exam Schedule 2013-14

ICSE Indian Certificate of Secondary Education - Equivalent to Class 10 or Grade 10 Known as usually K-10.

ISC – Indian School Certificate – Equivalent to Class 12, XII known as K-12.

There will be two papers in the subject.

Paper I: Theory- 3 hours… 70 marks

Paper II: Practical/ Project Work- … 30 marks

PAPER I – THEORY

There will be one written paper of three hours duration of 70 marks divided into two parts.

Part 1 (20 marks) will consist of compulsory short answer questions on the entire syllabus.

Part 2 (50 marks) will consist of three sections. Each section will have three questions. The candidate will be expected to answer five questions in all choosing at least one from each section.

Project work will carry 30 marks. The project needs to be done under the supervision of the teacher. The project work will be evaluated by a Visiting Examiner (who has expertise in that specific area), appointed locally and approved by the Council.

SECTION A

1. Human Beings and Nature

  1. Modern schools of ecological thought.

  2. Deep ecology (Gary Snyder, Earth First) vs. shallow ecology.

  3. Stewardship of land (e.g. Wendell Berry).

  4. Social ecology [Marxist environmentalism and socialist ecology (Barry Commoner)].

  5. Feminism.

  6. Green politics (e.g. Germany and England).

  7. Sustainable development.

2. Population and Conservation of Ecology

  1. Population dynamics: factors causing population change (birth, death, immigration and emigration); relation between the factors; age structure and its significance; population pyramids; survivorship curves; three general shapes r and K strategies.

  2. Human populations (Malthusian model and demographic transition).

  3. Population regulation: growth without regulation (exponential); simple population regulation (logistic growth curve); factors regulating population size (space, food and water, territories, predators, weather and climate, parasite and diseases, disasters and self-regulation).

  4. Human population control: family planning; education; economic growth; status of women.

  5. Threats to the ecosystem: habitat destruction; genetic erosion; loss of diversity; expanding agriculture; impound water; waste from human societies; increasing human consumption.

  6. Conservation: importance; the critical state of Indian forests; conflicts surrounding forested areas – populations and tribals and their rights – tourism – poaching – roads – development projects – dams; scientific forestry and its limitations; social forestry; the role of the forest department; NGOs; joint forestry management; wild life – sanctuaries, conservation and management in India; Project Tiger as a case study in conservation.

3. Monitoring Pollution

  1. Pollution monitoring.

  2. Monitoring the atmosphere: techniques.

  3. International and national air quality standards.

  4. Water testing: indicators of water quality (including B.O.D. and C.O.D.); standards of water quality; laboratory work – determination of pH, B.O.D., C.O.D. and dissolved pollutants.

  5. Soil testing: indicators of soil type and quality and laboratory work.

SECTION B

4. Third World Development

  1. Urban-rural divide: urbanisation – push and pull factors; consequences on rural and urban sectors; future trends and projections.

  2. A critical appraisal of conventional paradigm of development from the viewpoints of sustainability, environmental impact and equity.

  3. A case study of Gandhian approach in terms of its aims and processes.

  4. Urban environmental planning and management: problems of sanitation; water management; transport; energy; air quality; housing; constraints (economic, political) in tackling the problems; inapplicability of solutions that have worked in the First World and the need for indigenous approach to urban environment.

5. Sustainable Agriculture

  1. Traditional agriculture in India: irrigation systems; crop varieties; techniques for maintaining soil fertility; impact of colonialism; Indian agriculture at independence – food scarcity – food import – need for increasing production – the need for land reform; green revolution – HYVs – fertilizers – pesticides – large irrigation projects (dams); critical appraisal of the green revolution from the view points of agro-bio diversity; soil health; ecological impact of pesticides; energy (petroleum and petrochemicals); ability to reach the poorer sections of the rural communities; sustainability – need for sustainable agriculture – characteristics for sustainable agriculture; techniques of water soil and pest management.

  2. Food: the twin problems of production and access; food situation in the world; integrated and sustainable approach to food security for the Third World.

SECTION C

6. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics

  1. Definition: resources; scarcity and growth; natural resource accounting.

  2. GNP vs. other forms of measuring income.

  3. Economic status and welfare (net economic welfare, nature capital, ecological capital, etc.)

  4. Externalities: cost benefit analysis (social, ecological).

  5. Natural capital regeneration.

7. International Relations and the Environment

  1. Trans-national characteristics of environmental issues using case study of Amazonia, trade in wild life and ozone depletion.

  2. Impact of international politics, national sovereignty and interest.

  3. International trade: a theoretical perspective; free trade vs. protectionism; import barriers; domestic industry vs. free trade; trans-national companies – a historical perspective (colonialism and its lasting impact today); trade between the first and the third world – characteristics – terms of trade; India’s international trade – characteristics – major imports and exports – foreign exchange crises – the export imperative and its impact on the environment; the case study of aquaculture in India; diversion of scarce resource from production of subsistence needs to commercial products; toxic waste trade – extent and impact; Globalisation – trade regimes (WTO, GATT, IPR, etc.) and their impact on third world.

  4. International aid: agencies; advantages; limitations; need for re-orienting aid; aid vs. self-reliance.

Paper II 

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